Four decades post the prosperous Green Revolution that once filled our hunger driven population, farmers are now moving backwards towards the traditional farming methods. Green Revolution saw employment being loaded along with prosperity that farms reflected. It increased the purchasing power till less than a decade before threatening the food and water supply of the country.
The Green Revolution that country witnessed boosted it economically. Punjab managed to produce up to two third of the country’s total wheat and rice consumption during the years of 1980s and 1990s. However, sooner the effects of Green Revolution also got reflected in the depletion of environment. The water supply around the Punjab region was deeply affected. The methods concerning to Green Revolution required lot of water which led farmers to drill the field and exhaust the ground water level. This ecological imbalance was alarming not just to the farmers who had caught in the vicious circle but also to the government.
The state of Punjab that was once known as “The Food Basket” of the country is now the belt with highest cancer rates. The damage caused by these pesticides and fertilisers seeps deep into the soil and water ways. Sensing these threats around, farmers in the belt of Punjab are adapting these organic methods.
Today, India has emerged as a global leader in Organic Farming as they have welcomed 6,00,000 certified Organic Farmers. Systems like soil management and crop rotations are highly opted by these farmers in order to maintain the balance of the soil statically speaking Punjab has 1500 hectares of certified land that comes under organic farms.
So, how beneficial Organic Farming is?
1.PROFITS – It is argued that modern methods of farming yearn better profits however the truth is such that traditional methods of farming provide higher profits. Given that the amount of input is pretty lower the monetary yields are higher comparatively. A larger chunk of investment is saved in Organic farming since they do not buy costly pesticides and fertilisers.
2.YEILDS – Study cited by the Organic Consumers Association states "In a review of 286 projects in 57 countries, farmers were found to have increased agricultural productivity by an average of 79 percent, by adopting 'resource-conserving' or ecological agriculture." Researchers claim that after three conversion periods the yields become equivalent to that of modern farming methods.
3. EMPLOYMENT – Perhaps the conventional methods bring purchasing power to people however more employment is generated in organic farming. Organic farming requires more manpower which helps in generating employment.
4.SOIL HEALTH – The very fact that Organic farming is widely preferred is because organic farming doesn’t weaken the soil health. It in fact balances the soil properly and under proper care it replenishes itself too. While conventional farming methods exhaust the nutrients of soil, organic farming balances it pretty well.