HDL and LDL

“High cholesterol” is something that we have been listening to since a long time. “According to government statistics one-fourth of all deaths among people in the 25-69 years, age group is due to cardiovascular diseases. Studies have shown that Indians are affected by heart diseases at a much younger age when compared to the people in the west.” Quotes a researched article.

However, most of us are not aware of the fact that cholesterol is found in the cells of the body. It has waxy and fat like appearance. Since they are oil based and so not mix with the blood. The problem, however, arises when the limit of cholesterol is exceeded.

Cholesterol performs four functions in the body –

1.    It contributes to structure of cell walls

2.    It also prepared digestive bile acids

3.    It makes the body produce vitamin D

4.    It also enables the body to make certain hormones.

The high level of LDL (low-density lipoproteins) builds up cholesterol in arteries while HDL (high-density lipoproteins) carries cholesterol to the liver for removal from the body. The increase in LDL can lead to blockage of arteries. Being overweight can easily lead to high blood LDL level. The build-up can narrow the arteries and make it harder for blood to flow through them. The build-up can also lead to dangerous blood clots and inflammation that can cause heart attacks and strokes. LDL is the "bad" cholesterol. It's the kind that can raise your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.

The LDL is said to be bad cholesterol since it tends to contribute to plaque, which is a thick hard deposit that can clog arteries and make them less flexible. On the contrary, there is good cholesterol which is termed as HDL (high-density lipoproteins). High level of HDL may safeguard against heart attack and stroke, while the low level can cause the increase in heart attack.

So, what are few food items that can help in the reduction of cholesterol and keep it under the permissive limit?

1.   Organic Cabbage – Organic cabbages are loaded with Antioxidants these anti-oxidants help in keeping the cholesterol level under control.

2.   Organic Onions – These are not only good for cholesterol levels but also control the blood pressure. These are rich in sulphides that reduce the risk of colon cancer along with stomach cancer.

3.   Organic Tomatoes – These are the good source of lycopene which works towards reducing the accumulation of cholesterol around the arteries walls.

4.   Organic Soy Beans – The organic soybeans carry substances that reduce LDL and enhances HDL to a good extent.