Farmers across the globe are going gaga over organic methods of farming. It has been one of the trending topics that has been debated over for a long time in contemporary society. While the government is putting in efforts towards spreading awareness about organic farming, there are numerous people that argue over the fact that Organic Farming is not enough to feed the world.
Inorganic farming has already affected and been detrimental to the environment and the earth. Human agriculture has supplanted 70 percent of grasslands, 50 percent of savannas and 45 percent of temperate forests. This has urged many farmers to make a move towards organic farming methods. While organic methods turn out to be self-sufficient the question is, are they going to suffice the need of the 9 billion people living on earth?
McGill University in Montreal and the University of Minnesota performed an analysis of 66 studies comparing conventional and organic methods across 34 different crop species. “We found that, overall, organic yields are considerably lower than conventional yields,” explains McGill’s Verena Seufert. “But this yield difference varies across different conditions. When farmers apply better management practices and organic systems they perform relatively better.”
To put it in a better way, we can say that Organic Methods of cultivation produce a 5% lower yield than conventional methods of farming when it comes to water legume crops, however the yield is 25% less when we talk about the main cereal crops like wheat, corn, broccoli and vegetables. While opting for organic farming one has to learn about the entire eco system, management of soil, controlling pests and soil fertility. Undoubtedly, inorganic farming or say conventional methods of farming suffice our daily need for food, but at the cost of degraded soil, deserted lands and polluted rivers. Going by statistics according to the Grocery Manufacture Association, in the United States alone, 215 meals per person get wasted. This implies that the problem is not caused by lack of production, but is brought about by poor consumption and distribution.
If you look into the world’s most recent concerns, you would see many problems related to degraded land and health hazards. Equipping farmers with right ecological knowledge shall assist them in better production. We already generate more than enough produce per annum. Current conventional agriculture is one of the major threats to the environment and degrades the very natural resources it depends upon. We thus need to change the way we produce our food.