While westerners have popularly adopted organic farming in their own mini kitchen gardens, this concept of organic farming is gradually creeping into India as well. With the government setting a budget aside for organic farming at the central level along with several major steps that the state governments of Sikkim, Kerala and Gujarat have taken, it appears that the entire nation is slowly moving towards organic farming.
Even though a large number of diet conscious urbanites have already shown their inclination towards organic farming, a major chunk of consumers still has not readily accepted organic products, due their availability and high prices. On recognising this issue researchers and agriculturists suggest that the outbreak of organic farming in every part of the state tends to ease out the demand and supply curve, letting the rates drop down to normal.
So, what are the various methods in which organic farming is done?
- CROP DIVERSITY – Farmers practicing organic farming opt for crop diversity. The sowing of multiple crops keeps the soil fertile and enhances it with multiple nutrients. Organic farming highly encourages crop diversity. This variety of crops tends to be beneficial to microorganisms as well. Sowing only one type of crop makes the soil less fertile since the crop avails only that type of nutrient that is essential to it.
- SOIL MANAGEMENT – Managing soil is another aspect of organic farming. Here the organic farmer replenishes the soil with nutrients through methods like compositing and green manure. This biological process driven by microorganisms replenishes the soil with nutrients essential for the growth of various crops.
- WEED MANAGEMENT – Weed management is another integral part of organic farming. Organic farming promotes the suppression of weed plants rather than elimination. The crop rotation practiced by organic farmers also discourages the growth of weed plants. Some of the weed controlling methods include:
- Hand weeding
- Cover crops
- Cover flamers
Organic farming effectively enhances the nutritional content of the soil. In the long run it is highly economical and friendly towards the environment. The pesticides carried by non-organic products harm our system much before the visible symptoms. Hence, always choose organically grown food items for a safer and healthier today and tomorrow!